VintageOS
          ver. 20170111

What is Linux?

Linux is a UNIX© clone OS based on Minix, created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds (University of Helsinki). Torvalds controls all changes and releases of the Linux kernel.

For close to three decades, Linux has been one of the most commonly used and most reliable operating systems for servers in the market, no matter what paid third-party reports that are plaguing the internet indicate.

Most Linux distribution include a collection of programs that run on the Linux kernel like X, KDE, GNOME and LibreOffice. Under the Linux umbrella, you can get RHEL (paid subscription, enterprise licensing), Fedora, Ubuntu, Mandriva, Debian, Slackware, SUSE (paid subscription, enterprise licensing), Turbolinux, Yellow Dog and many others. You can buy the disks for any Linux distribution from the developers or third-party vendors or you can also download most versions of Linux from many sites legally, thanks to various open source licenses or you can buy them on CD-ROM with the proper documentation as means to support the project.

Installing Linux:

Before trying to install Linux, get a full inventory of what your computer has. You might have to help the installer recognize the hardware. Also make sure that your hardware manufacturer supports the Linux distribution of your choice.

There are many ways to install Linux (from a CD-ROM, FTP, HTTP, NFS, a DOS partition, etc). If you are a beginner or lazy (as I am), do the installation from a CD-ROM. Just put the disk in the CD-ROM drive, wait and boot. Do NOT forget that the installation will format the partition where you install the OS. If you want to test Linux without doing any changes or formating your HDD, get a copy of any live disk, which has become common practice nowadays.

A simple way to install Linux is to create two main disk partitions, a /swap and a system native. As a rule of thumb, make the /swap partition (virtual memory, written to disk) twice the RAM that your PC has. For example if the PC has 256 MB of RAM, assign 512 MB for /swap. Allocate the remainder of the HDD for the /root partition and make sure it is primary and bootable. You can also create a partition for user accounts (/home) and another for user installations (/usr). Neither of the latter two partitions are destroyed when upgrading the OS. To create the partitions, refer to the manual included with the system that you are installing. A good technical reference is the downloadable Slackware Book even if Slackware is not your Linux distribution of choice.

Then again, if you want to install Linux easily and painlessly with mere questions to configure the system, you can try Ubuntu based on Debian. I have been running a flavor of Ubuntu for a couple of years already without any complaints, other than installing the codecs to play DVDs manually.

Linux Emulators:

See Cygwin.

Single-Board Computers:

Some vendors have started to offer single-board computer (SBC) units. Raspberry Pi Foundation released its Raspberry Pi 1 Model A in February of 2012. After several generations with a price tag under $50, several projects have used Raspberry Pi hardware like Kano (2013), which designed a system for children to learn how to code.











 
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On a side note, I never stop thinking and processing information all around me. As such, one of the subjects that attracts me most (aside from technology and music) is human behavior, not limited to psychology and ethos of the individual and masses. Hence I usually read, study and write essays of my own. From all possible authors in this field, some of my favorites are (in order of interest) Nietzsche, Levinas and Kant. As such, I have published two science fiction books, in which I include my opinion on religion, sociology, psychology, politics, manipulation of the masses, media, science and various technologies.

Under the Thelian Sky, ISBN
             9781494232283, ASIN B00GTQBY04

In Under the Thelian Sky, mankind did not originate on Earth, but rather on Mars. When Mars could no longer sustain life, mankind had to escape and colonized Earth. Many years later, a study was written about the survival of mankind in Mars and its struggle in Earth led by Doctor Ajidan Edejem. We proved to be a species that has survived wars, slavery and other forms of abuse. All the while, the government controlled by "them" wants to keep everything quiet and even kill him for telling others about the unavoidable doom. Years before the extinction of life in Mars, the Thelian society was perfect, yet corrupted. Life was easy, yet difficult if you were different. For every good person, like Ahila Keinj who found peace in The Faith, there were many willing to destroy it all for gain while "they" controlled the fate of many. At the end, an outsider simply known as Operative Logger 9C56 tries to fight "them" and stop "their" manipulation of history and mankind.

You can get Under the Thelian Sky exclusively at Amazon — available on print (ISBN 9781494232283) and e-book (ASIN B00GTQBY04).

In The Daydreamer, Robert James is a normal New Yorker who wakes up one morning unsure what had happened in his life. He is accused of killing the woman he has always loved, but he remembers three possible realities. Which reality could be true? Has he dreamed these realities, seen this events or taken part of these strange acts? Is he a killer or is he being framed? Perhaps he knows the killer better than anyone else without realizing it.

 


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